Fulbright’s prerequisites for qualification are that applicants are South African citizens or permanent residents, excel academically, are highly motivated and display leadership qualities. It is vital that you apply at least 12 to 14 months before the US academic year in which you wish to study begins. The application process is multifaceted and acceptance is based not only on your application form and personal statement, which is completed through an online process, but on reference letters, interviews and workshops, to mention a few of many stages. Fulbright also recommend that before application you do some lengthy research into which graduate schools you wish to apply to as well as the specific department you will be working with as the final decision is made by the professor you will be working under.
There are many other aspects to this complex application process, but the staff at Fulbright Program and the US embassy are willing to assist applicants with any questions they may have.